CHARACTERISTICS

The Acapulco Botanical Garden is on the South Sierra Madre mountain range, in an area of granite land.

The protruding boulders are metamorphic form the Cretaceous era, and recent sedimentary deposits. The land has two springs with year round water; while others spring during the rain season.

CLIMATE
The climate is tropical and semi-humid. Summer is the rainy season and winter is dry with an average annual temperature of 83°F (27.8°C). Humidity varies between 50 and 100%. The annual precipitation is 55 ½” (1,411.1 millimeters). September rains are more intense with 15 ¼” (386.7 millimeter) and March through May are the driest months with almost no rain (0.9 millimeters).

ALTITUDE
The altitude varies between 660 and 1300 feet (200 and 400 meters) above sea level. The impressive huge boulders are made out of granite.

VEGETATION
This is a tropical botanical garden. Besides the native plants you will find collections of palms and cycads, desert plants, flowering and fruit trees, shrubs, heliconias, gingers, bromeliads, aeroids, ferns, vines and orchids among others. It is important to mention that there is a great variety of hardwood trees such as the Palo Morado Peltogyne mexicana and the Palo de Cera Astonium graveolens which are in danger of extinction. The vegetation is typical of lower deciduous jungle, with a predominance of the pea family Acacia gliricidia and Leucaena. It is important to mention that there is a great variety of hardwood trees such as the Palo Morado Peltogyne mexicana that is in danger of extinction.Here, besides the native plants you will find areas of cacti and succulents, aeroids, palms, cycads, hardwoods as well as flowering and fruit trees, shrubs, heliconias, gingers, ferns, vines and others. Leaves, fruits, seeds and roots of different shrub and tree species provide food and refuge and the appropriate habitat for the native animal species.

FAUNA
The majority of the native fauna is composed of birds, opossums, raccoons and reptiles such as iguanas and a few snakes. Among the birds there are Pandion haliaetus (fisher eagle), Penelope purpurascens (type of pheasant), and Penelopina nigra (black chachalaca bird). A few mammals such as Pseudocheirus peregrinnis (ringtail possum) and Procyon lotor (raccoon). The reptiles are Ctenosaura pectinata (tropical lizard), Iguana (green iguana); and Boa constrictor imerator (Boa) and Heloderma horridum (beaded lizard).

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